Most University records, including emails, are public unless they contain information that is made private by the law. Examples of such private information includes student education records that are protected by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99), patient health care records or information rendered confidential by state and federal privacy law, material protected by copyright, or materials otherwise available for sale. However, many of the records produced every day by employees at this University are not protected and must be disclosed if requested. The Public Records Law is construed with a presumption of complete public access, consistent with the conduct of governmental business. The denial of public access generally is contrary to the public interest, and is rare.